V. 50 N. 1 (2012)

Fra semantica e morfologia: i deverbali vedici raddoppiati del tipo cákri-

Romano Lazzeroni
Dipartimento di Linguistica - Università di Pisa - Via Santa Maria 36 - 56126 Pisa (Italy)

Pubblicato 2012-01-16

Parole chiave

  • Vedic reduplicated i stems,
  • deverbal nouns,
  • Indo-European verbal categories


The Vedic reduplicated deverbal nouns, such as cákri- “(who is) making”, are based on the perfect stem, and they parallel its semantic values as well: they indicate either the state of an Undergoer subject with regard to a particular event, or a property of an Actor subject performing an action. More generally, the Vedic agent nouns (or nomina subjecti) parallel the values of their basic tense/aspectual verbal categories. Namely, the barytone (kártṛ-) and oxytone (kartŕ. -) derived nouns in -t- semantically correspond to the injunctive and the aorist respectively, whereas the reduplicated i stems (cákri-) correspond to the perfect. Throughout the history of the Vedic language, these nouns suffered the same fate as the corresponding verbal categories: the barytone nouns in -t- disappeared together with the injunctive, and the reduplicated nouns did not outlive the perfect.