V. 61 N. 2 (2023)

On āmreḍitas in Sanskrit: Evidence from Vedic Prose

Beatrice Grieco
Università per Stranieri di Siena

Pubblicato 2024-01-24

Parole chiave

  • Vedic Sanskrit,
  • āmreḍitas,
  • intensive category,
  • verbal repetition


This paper aims to provide some preliminary findings on the so-called āmreḍita compounds by considering evidence from Vedic Prose, here represented by the Brāhmaṇas. So far studies have focused on āmreḍitas in the R̥ gveda, while a systematic investigation of those in the later Vedic Prose language has not been undertaken yet. Vedic Prose exhibits the emergence of new forms, almost entirely absent in earlier texts but taught in the Aṣṭādhyāyī. I will focus on verbal āmreḍitas, in particular on those formed with imperatives and gerunds. According to the Indian grammarians, verbal āmreḍitas encode the same values as the intensive category, i.e., kriyāsamabhihāra  “repetitious or intense action” and nitya (= abhīkṣṇya) “reiteration”. The equivalence in meaning between repeated verbal forms and intensive verbs – already identified by Pāṇini and his commentators (cf. Kāśikā ad A 3.4.2; Kāśikā ad A 8.1.4) – explains why verbal āmreḍitas are present in Vedic Prose. Indeed, I will show that the first cases of verbal āmreḍitas are found in Vedic Prose when the intensive category was recessive.

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